Around 37.6 million people live in Uganda. At present most of them live in rural areas, but cities are growing fast. The capital, Kampala, is home to 1.9 million people.
The country has suffered years of violent conflict and political instability. Although in general terms, the economy has improved in recent years since the discovery of oil and gas, it is still volatile, and the distribution of wealth remains very unequal.
Nearly 20 per cent of people still live in poverty. Many of these live in rural areas. They mostly survive off farming but are affected by climate changes and they often produce less food than they need to feed their families. Malnutrition is therefore a problem: 38 per cent of children under the age of five suffer from chronic hunger and are not growing as they should.
Vulnerable children and families often have no governmental safety net to help them when they don’t have a home or enough money for food. Many turn to non-governmental organisations for support at such critical times.
There are 19.5 million children under the age of 18; around 2.7 million of them have no parental care. Children’s rights are not sufficiently protected: one in four is forced to work and many don’t go to school or have access to health care.
Although the number of children who start school is high, the quality of the education needs to be improved and only one in four actually finish primary school. Girls are more likely to drop out than boys. Many stop going to school because parents can’t afford the fees or the extra costs such as books, school supplies and uniforms.
HIV/AIDS has had a devastating effect on Ugandan children: due to the disease one million have lost parental care and an estimated 96,000 under the age of 14 years have HIV/AIDS. Many more are directly affected by HIV/AIDS as family members become too unwell to care for them. When a parent has HIV/AIDS they are often too ill to work, forcing children to take on the responsibility of looking after and feeding the family. In the majority of cases, this means the child has to stop going to school.
Strengthening Families: We work with local agencies and the community to support families who are at risk of breaking down. Each family needs different help in order to stay together. We also run workshops on parenting skills and children’s rights. In 2015 we supported around 8,000 people.
Care in families: Children who have lost parental care find a new home in Papajett family. Brothers and sisters grow up together and are looked after by Papajett mother. Wherever possible, we work with the families of origin so that children can return to live with them.
Support for young people: The high unemployment rate makes it difficult for young people to become independent. We help young people gain further training and a youth leader supports them while they look for work.
Education: Not many children finish primary school. For this reason we run four kindergartens for young children, primary schools in Nakyeke and secondary school in Kayiini Mukono.
Medical care: Our three medical centres provide antenatal and postnatal care, and treat